Cảm nhận bài thơ Hai chữ nước nhà hay nhất (dàn ý – 2 mẫu) – Ngữ văn lớp 8


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  • Feel the best poem Two words country (outline – 2 samples)
    • Outline Feel the poem Two words country by Tran Tuan Khai
    • Feel the poem Two words country by Tran Tuan Khai – sample 1
    • Feel the poem Two words country by Tran Tuan Khai – sample 2

Feel the best poem Two words country (outline – 2 samples)

Topic: Feeling the poem “Two words of the country” by Tran Tuan Khai.

Outline Feel the poem Two words country by Tran Tuan Khai


1. Opening lesson

Briefly introduce author Tran Tuan Khai and poetic style.

Brief introduction of the work’s birth schedule, content and art of expression.

2. Body

The poem can be divided into three parts:

Part 1: The father’s mood in the separation situation.

→ Image: “blood seed, water soul”.

Part 2: The pain of losing the country and the feelings of the departed

→ Symbolic convention images: “four directions of blood and fire”, “bloody bones of the forest”, “broken citadel”, “abandoned wife and children”.

Part 3: A message about the father’s mission to save the country.

→ The image of “dead body”, “old age and weakness”, “fatigue”, “let go” encourages children.

3. Conclusion

– Understanding the value of content, art

– Contact to show patriotism

Feel the poem Two words country by Tran Tuan Khai – sample 1

In the 20s of the last century, poems sung to folk tunes, poems of six bowls, but seven bowls of eight, seven words… were widely spread among the people. The heroic examples mentioned by Tran Tuan Khai have the value of encouraging patriotism, expressing the pain and humiliation of slaves, expressing the never-ending desire for independence and freedom.

The excerpt from the poem “two words of the country” consists of 36 verses, but seven six bowls were composed by Tran Tuan Khai in 1926, printed in the volume “Pen quan hoai”. In the preface, the poet clearly states his inspiration. I think of what Mr. Phi Khanh told Mr. Nguyen Trai when he was captured by the Ming army and taken to China. Thereby, we feel that “Two words for home country” is a poem that borrows historical themes to express patriotic inspiration, stimulate patriotism for the people of the country when they are serving as buffaloes and horses for the French colonialists. The foreword brings us back to the painful years of the country and the nation. In 1407, the Ming invaders invaded our country, engulfing our country in blood and fire, we arrested his father and son Ho Quy Li and a number of great ministers, including Nguyen Phi Khanh, to return to China. It can be said that the poem is the father’s words to his son about the “two words of the country”, about the feud between the family and the country.

In the first part of the excerpt, the author evokes the scene of the country suffering under the domination of the brutal Minh invaders. The anthropomorphic images are very suggestive: “Deep gloomy clouds”, “sorrowful wind”, “screaming tigers and birds chirping”… Landscapes of mountains and rivers seem to bring human pain. A large space from “Northern border” to “Southern border” and “all four pools” is soaked with the blood and tears of millions of people:


“In the North, the clouds are gloomy and gloomy,

In the Southern sky, the wind is miserable

Four pools of tigers and birds chirping…”

In the face of the tragedy of “losing the country”, the old father on the way to exile was more and more overwhelmed with emotions. Words and images such as: “Grievance”, “warm blood seeping around the soul of the water”, “falling in tears” have moved to express the “resentment” of the fallen hero, a tragedy. history of father and son Phi Khanh and Nguyen Trai. The verse is like full of tears, the poetic voice is heartbreaking:

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“Looking at the baby’s nappy fall

My son! I remember my father’s advice.”

Nguyen Trai has a verse in Chinese characters “Hero of the millennium”, which means the hero left a grudge for a thousand years. In the first part of the article “two words for the country”, Tran Tuan Khai spoke emotionally about the pain of losing his country, the “resentment” of the lost hero Nguyen Phi Khanh.

The second part is the pitiful words of a father to his son. Remembering the “two words home” is remembering the Hong Lac lineage, remembering the nation’s long history of “thousands of years”, remembering the “Southern world, this one world”, remembering how many “brothers” heroic women” such as Hai Ba Trung, Ba Trieu, Ly Thuong Kiet, Tran Quoc Tuan… Remembering “two words of the country” is to raise self-esteem and national pride:

“The South has its own world

The heroine of the past has never been worse!”

The tone of the poem becomes hot with anger when the father tells his son to keep in mind the heinous crimes of the “Ming mad” army:

“The four directions are full of smoke and fire.

So many disasters of bones, forests and rivers, blood and rivers

Where the urban city is broken

Where people leave their wives and children,

Make scattering wear and tear


Hung Linh smoke is like building smoke

The Red River gives way to grief.

The image words “burning smoke”, “forest bones and river blood”, “broken citadel”, “earth crying and lamenting”, “building broken blocks”, “things of sorrow”… convention, but in the context it still has a strong emotional power because it evoked so many shameful loss of country, hatred towards the invaders. In particular, Tran Tuan Khai’s poem has brought readers to think about “Binh Ngo Dai Cao” which talks about the atrocities of the Ming invaders:

“Roasting the black people in a ferocious fire,

Bury the red child in the pit of disaster

Lying to heaven, deceiving people, full of thousands of schemes,

Make war, make a grudge, spread twenty years

Defeat humanity and destroy heaven and earth

Heavy taxes, clean, no mountains…”.


The father was shackled, was taken to China, looked at the Jiang San and was in pain like tearing his heart. The more painful, the more he worried about the fate of the country, the future of the race. The exclamation combined with the rhetorical question is extremely painful:

“My son! The more I talk, the more it hurts

Who’s the fool after that?”.

Poems seem to be filled with tears, with lamentations, with sobs. The father’s words to his son are also immature words.

The last eight sentences in the last part of the poem both speak of the tragedy of the father: “Old age and weakness”, “sorrow must give up”… while relying on his son to take revenge and wash away hatred for the country: “Giang Son will carry the burden later, rely on you”… My father earnestly told me for the last time: “For the sake of the country”, “remember your ancestors”, bring your blood and sacrifice to fight for the independence of the Fatherland. Those are the “two words of the country” that are bloody words:

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“You should remember your ancestors before

Ever because of the country’s hardships

North and South border division

The bloody flag of independence is still here…”

“Two words of the country” is a beautiful and touching poem. Speak in a concise way the pain, humiliation of losing our country in the 15th century and hatred for the Ming invaders. More deeply, the poem encouraged the patriotism of the compatriots, and provoked the nation’s aspiration for independence and freedom while serving as the body of a buffalo and horse for the French colonialists. “Two words country” is both a father’s instruction to his son and a call for the Fatherland.

From language and images to poetic voice and rhymes, from pairs of opposite words to anthropomorphic images and conventional symbols, all show a very old artistic style, rich in Asian identity. .

During the French colonial period, the poem “Two words of the country” moved millions of people. Today, it still thrills us.

Feel the poem Two words country by Tran Tuan Khai – sample 2

Tran Tuan Khai (1895-1983) was a famous poet under the Tran dynasty, he often borrowed stories from history to talk about patriotism and encourage the people’s patriotism, expressing his desire to be a free.

“Two words country” was written in 1926, printed in the collection of poems “Pen quan hoai”, a poem about the farewell of father and son Nguyen Trai when his father Nguyen Phi Khanh was captured by the Ming army to China. .

The first eight sentences are the painful separation of father and son:

“The northern land is cloudy and dreary, the south sky is windy and sad, the four sides are screaming and the birds are calling, the landscape is like a discontentment, the hot blood seeps around the soul, the dead body, the miles of the sea, the children are falling and falling, I remember my father’s advice : Like the Hong Flamingo that has been determined by the Emperor, Thousands of years of ups and downs have changed. The male world is separate from this world. Heroic women have never been worse.”


The opening verse has recreated a gloomy and tragic separation scene, “gloomy” this is the pain of separation as well as the pain of loss of country under the oppression of foreign invaders. The anthropomorphic images such as “gloomy clouds”, “sorrowful wind” are also tinged with human pain. The large scenery also makes people feel lost and the pain is deeper, “Northern land”, “Southern heaven” “four sides” this scene evokes a multidimensional, dimensional spatial dimension. width, height and depth. Standing in that vast and overwhelming landscape, people become so small and tend to be overwhelmed by nature.

Nguyen Phi Khanh is dissatisfied with the world, dissatisfied with himself. He reminded his son: The dynasty has its ups and downs, but the heroine always has it, he reminds me to find someone with a heart of virtue and wisdom to help me complete the hegemony of restoring the village. occlusion. In this moment of separation, the father will probably never see his son again, father and son are separated from each other, Nguyen Phi Khanh does not want his son to follow and take care of this is a great sacrifice, he wants his son I stayed to avenge the Fatherland, reminding the son to engrave it in his heart.

The father’s sacrifice is so noble that it is worthy of other people’s admiration. In the next verses, the author sketched out the miserable situation of the country, the people had to live in slavery. The context appears full of pain and tragedy, all come to life through the author’s description pen.

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“The fortunes of water meet when they change, so that the Ming army has the opportunity to invade Four directions of smoke and fire burning, so many disasters of bones, forests, blood, rivers, and cities, where the city is broken and broken, Where the world has left their wives and children, scattered and worn out. “

The verses are like a reminder, it arouses the patriotism of each of us. The author compares the brutality of the Minh invaders at that time to that of the French colonialists at that time. He wanted to arouse the patriotism of the entire nation to stand up to the resistance.

“The tragedy of the country is so indescribable. It looks like a fortune to tear the heart. Sad to cry about the world, to mourn the heart of this miserable race”

The pain of loss of country even transcends the pain of its own so that it becomes a great pain, the pain of the race. That pain has great stature: greed, fortune, crying land, mourning, and race. That pain is getting worse and worse with emotional levels: telling, tearing the heart, mourning, crying, pitiful. Each line of poetry, each verse, is a cry of lamentation and resentment. How much sadness, hatred, that person who instructed his son to live on must avenge his country as well as avenge him.

“The smoke of Nung Linh is like building a block of anger, the Red River gives way to grief, Son! The more you talk, the more painful it is, Who will save the flock after that?”

The author used Nung Mountain and Red River River to talk about the enemy’s indignation, the hard work of our forefathers for many generations, how could the enemy trample on this sacred land. The words that go into people’s hearts read the father’s indignation.

“Father lamented the fate of old age and weakness, If he lost his strength, he had to give up. The eel body covered the swamp. Giang Son shouldered the burden later, depending on his son. You should remember your ancestors before, There was a time because of the country’s hardships. North In the southern border of the divided country, the flag of independence is still here…”

The words Nguyen Phi Khanh mentioned above are words from his heart that are engraved in his heart for his son. Giang Son Xa Tac entrusts the next generation to the young generation to shoulder the brave generation, the generation to follow in the footsteps of his father, determined to regain independence and freedom for the nation, without enmity for the country. A father is a man’s encouragement to a man’s aspirational son and also a word of encouragement for his son to walk on a new path.

Through the above poem, the author has shown the reader the deep affection between father and son, but above all it is the love for the motherland. he encouraged his son to follow the right path, the righteous path. At the same time, it shows the brutality of foreign invaders to encourage each of us to love our homeland.

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